How do we recognise an individual's personal style? We may initially think of the way people dress, their hairstyle, or even the vehicle they drive. But a crucial part of a person's style is the way they speak. How we_ talk can tell other people a lot about our self or who we would like to be. It can be a strong indication of where we are from, our level of education and our age, and it can also reveal a lot about how we view the situation in which we are speaking. Because we are largely unaware of our language production and language behaviour, we are often not conscious of features in our language that give away which social groups we belong to or even which values we hold. On the other hand, we may be very aware of the linguistic features that are characteristic of another social group, and we may consciously choose to adopt those language features to indicate that we are part of that group - or would like to be, at least. One thing is clear: an individual can change their linguistic style just as easily as they can change their fashion style or hairstyle, if not more easily. This ability to change language style is called style shifting and it happens all the time.
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2?
14 We are usually aware of the way we use language in our speech.
15 If we wanted to, we could speak in a neutral style.
16 Our language choices happen virtually instantaneously.
17 Some people use certain styles of speech as part of their job.
18 Informal to formal style shifting features a greater use of personal pronouns.
19 Labov·s experiments included asking people to read a text out loud.
Classify the following as part of
A Attention Theory
B Communication Accommodation Theory
C Audience Design Model
Write the correct letter, A, B or C, next to Questions 20-25.
20 reading aloud
21 showing you are similar to someone by shifting your speech style to theirs
23 trying to gain your listener's acceptance
24 including a particular sound
25 moving your speech style away from the other person's
26 Which of the following is NOT an example of style shift?
A being unaware of your speech style
B changing pronunciation features
C using unusual sentence patterns
D using dialect words in your speech
|How do we recognise an individual's personal style?|