AP Art History - Content Area 5: Indigenous Americas 1000 B.C.E.-1980 C.E.

This unit makes up about 6% of the average AP exam, and it includes 14 works of art. There are countless interesting, beautiful artworks created by Native Americans, and this unit will give you an introduction to this vibrant body of work.


Art of the Indigenous Americas is among the world’s oldest artistic traditions. While its roots lie in northern Asia, it developed independently between c. 10,000 B.C.E. and 1492 C.E., which marked the beginning of the European invasions. Regions and cultures are referred to as the Indigenous Americas to signal the priority of First Nations cultural traditions over those of the colonizing and migrant peoples that have progressively taken over the American continents for the last 500 years.
153. Chavín de Huántar
154. Mesa Verde Cliff Dwellings
155. Yaxchilán lintel 25, structure 23
156. Great Serpent Mound
157. Templo Mayor, Main Aztec temple
a. The Coyolxauhqui Stone
b. Calendar stone
c. Olmec-style mask
158. Ruler's feather headdress (probably of Moctezuma II)
159. City of Cusco
160. Maize cobs
161. City of Machu Picchu
162. All-T'oqapu Tunic
163. Bandolier Bag
164. Transformation mask
165. Painted elk hide, attributed to Cotsiogo (Cadzi Cody)
166. Black-on-black ceramic vessel, Maria Martínez and Julian Martínez

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