AP Art History - Content Area 2: Ancient Mediterranean 3,500-300 B.C.E.

This unit makes up about 15% of the average AP exam, and it includes 36 works of art. It covers primarily Greece, Rome, Carthage, Crete, and the other ancient art-producing cultures on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.


Artistic traditions of the ancient Near East and dynastic Egypt focused on representing royal figures and divinities and on the function of funerary and palatial complexes within their cultural contexts. Works of art illustrate the active exchange of ideas and reception of artistic styles among the Mediterranean cultures and the subsequent influence on the classical world.


12. White Temple and its ziggurat
13. Palette of King Narmer
14. Statues of votive figures, from the Square Temple at Eshnunna
15. Seated Scribe
16. Standard of Ur from the Royal Tombs at Ur
17. Great Pyramids of Giza
a. Pyramid of Khufu
b. Pyramid of Khafre and the Great Sphinx
c. Pyramid of Menkaura
18. King Menkaura and Queen
19. The Law Code Stele of Hammurabi
20. Temple of Amun-Re and Hypostyle Hall
21. Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
22. Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters
23. Tutankhamun's tomb, innermost coffin
24. Last judgment of Hu-Nefer, (Book of the Dead)
25. Lamassu from the citadel of Sargon II, Dur Sharrukin (modern Iraq)
26. Athenian Agora
27. Anavysos Kouros
28. Peplos Kore from the Acropolis
29. Sarcophagus of the Spouses
30. Audience Hall (apadana) of Darius and Xeres ;  related: Column capital, audience hall (apadana) of Darius at Susa
31. Temple of Minerva (Veii near Rome, Italy), sculpture of Apollo
32. Tomb of the Triclinium
33. Niobides Krater
34. Doryphoros (Spear Bearer)
35. Acropolis
a. Parthenon
i. Phidias, Parthenon sculptures (pediments, metopes, and frieze)
ii. Plaque of the Ergastines
b. Victory adjusting her sandal, Temple of Athena Nike
36. Grave Stele of Hegeso
37. Winged Victory of Samothrace
38. Great Altar of Zeus and Athena at Pergamon
39. House of the Vettii
40. Alexander Mosaic from the House of the Faun, Pompeii
41. Seated Boxer
42. Head of a Roman Patrician ;  related: Veristic male portrait
43. Augustus of Prima Porta
44. Colosseum (Flavian Amphitheater)
45. Forum of Trajan
a. Forum
b. Column
c. Markets
46. Pantheon
47. Ludovisi Battle Sarcophagus

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