The Parthenon sculptures: Use the correct tense

Fill in the gaps using the correct form of the verbs in brackets.




The Parthenon ................ (build) as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. It ......... (be) the centrepiece of an ambitious building programme on the Acropolis of Athens. The temple’s great size and lavish use of white marble was intended to show off the city’s power and wealth at the height of its empire. The pediments and metopes .................... (illustrate) episodes from Greek mythology, while the frieze ...................... (represent) the people of contemporary Athens in religious procession.

Periodically, the question of where the surviving sculptures from the Parthenon should now be displayed ……………………… (become) a subject of public discussion. The Parthenon in Athens …………………… (be) a building with a long and complex history. Built nearly 2,500 years ago as a temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, it …………. (be) for a thousand years the church of the Virgin Mary of the Athenians, then a mosque, and finally an archaeological ruin. When the city ………….. (be) under siege by the Venetians in 1687, the Parthenon itself ………….. (be) used as a gunpowder store. The building ……………………. (be) a ruin ever since.

Between 1801 and 1805 Lord Elgin, the British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire of which Athens ……………………. (be) a part for some 350 years, acting with the full knowledge and permission of the Ottoman authorities, ……………………… (remove) about half of the remaining sculptures from the fallen ruins and from the building itself. Lord Elgin ………………. (transport) the sculptures back to Britain. These sculptures ………………… (be) acquired from Lord Elgin by the British Museum in 1816. Since then the sculptures …………………….. (be) on display to the public in the British Museum, free of entry charge.


Read the British Museum statement about the The Parthenon Sculptures here

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