Active Voice

(to) do
(to) be doing
(to) have done
(to) have been doing

Passive Voice

(to) be done
(to) have been done

Verbs + Infinitive

He agreed to help me.
He needed to work.
She attempted/tried to jump.
She can’t afford to buy a car.
She has decided to move.
He demanded to know the questions.
She expected to get a job.
She happened to know the answer.
He offered to drive me to work.
She is planning to go on holidays.
She pretends to be innocent.
She promised to come on time.
She hesitated to answer the question.
She refused to lend her car to him.
She hopes to succeed.
She remembered to lock the door.
She forgot to lock the door.
She intends to travel abroad.
She seems/appears to be upset.
She is learning to drive.
She used to be an athlete.
She managed to climb up the mountain.
She didn’t mean to hurt you.
He wanted to retire.
He wishes to see the manager.
She threatened to expel them.
I am sorry to tell you that you are not hired.
I regret to tell you that you are not hired.
On the way home, he stopped to buy bread.
He was compelled to work overtime.
He proceeded to tell them the whole story.
He tends to forget.
He deserves to be told the truth.
She advised him to practise more.
She allowed/permitted him to go out.
She asked him to cook.
He begged her to forgive her.
The teacher commanded them to sit down.
She encouraged him to keep trying.
She forbade them to leave the building.
He instructed them to take nothing for the trip.
He declined to make any comments.
She warned him not to drive in the storm.
She invited them to come to dinner.
First she talked about the trip and then she went on to
talk about her new job.
He ordered them to be quiet.
She reminded him to post the letter.
She urged them to revise the notes.
She recommended him to read this book.
She wanted them to wear warm clothes.
She wanted there to be silence.
She prefers to stay home.
She would like/love/hate/prefer to go out.
He is bound to get the job.
She was made to wash the car.
They were seen to enter the building.
She was heard to call his name.
She got him to wash her car.

Adjectives + infinitive

I am afraid to walk alone at night.
He was happy/delighted to meet them.
She was glad to participate in the project.
She was pleased to hear that she passed.
The exercise was difficult/easy to solve.
He was proud to be a good student.
She was eager/willing to help out.
She was surprised to hear the news.
He was fortunate/lucky to have met her.
She felt ready to live on her own.
He was satisfied to have applied for the job.
He was prepared to fight for his rights.
She will be disappointed to hear you’re leaving.
She was amazed to hear he had won.
He was the first/last to leave the party.
She is likely to resign soon.
She is obliged to finish all the work today.
She was sad to turn 60.
He is able/unable to drive.

It is Adjective to do

It is nice to see you.
It is dangerous to be talking to strangers.

Adjective/Adverb enough to do
enough Noun to do

She is old enough to travel on her own.
She speaks loudly enough to hear her.
She’s got enough patience to be a teacher.

too Adjective / Adverb to do

He is too young to drive.
She talks too fast to understand her.

only to do

He went to the office only to find nobody.

Question Words to do

He doesn’t know what to do.
She didn’t know who to talk to.

so Adjective as to do

He was so kind as to help me with homework.
To tell you the truth, I didn’t go to work today.
To cut a long story short, she disappeared.
To be honest, I can’t reveal her secret.

It Noun to do

It was a pleasure to be with you.
It was my honour to work with you.

Bare Infinitive

She dared not talk to the teacher rudely.
I saw her open your bag.
I heard him call your name.
She made them stay after class.
He had them tidy up their room.
She let them leave the room.
He watched her open the door.
She noticed him lift the briefcase.
She observed him steal the money.
She would rather/sooner go to the theatre.
He may/could/should do his homework.
They had better eat at home.
Rather than watch a film, he chose to play.
Why not play computer games?
Why argue with your parents?
She helped me (to) carry my shopping.
He does nothing all day but/except sleep.
They only thing he can do is (to) resign.
The only thing to do is (to) resign.
All he can do is (to) resign.
What he can do is (to) resign.

Full infinitive

She dared/ challenged me to join the Marathon.
She was seen to open your bag.
He was heard to call your name.
They were made to stay after class.
He got them to tidy up their room.
They were allowed to leave the room.

Short Infinitive forms

Would you like to join me? I’d love to.
Does he have free time? – If he didn’t work long hours,
he would.
Might he have helped her? – He might have.


We left earlier in order not to/so as not to/not to miss the

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